Virgil, born of the name Publius Vergilus Maro, on October 15, 70 B.C near Mantua. He came from a modest family but was wealthy enough to receive an education. He was raised in a farming village in northern Italy but received a well-rounded education from places like Cremona, Milan, and Rome. Virgil was not a citizen until Julius Caesar extended citizenship to those living north of Po river in 49.B.C. Virgil’s interest strayed towards mathematics and medicine, but he later decided that he wanted to study law and rhetoric. A little later in life, Virgil abandoned law to focus on Philosophy. Virgil was very exceptional in the fact that he read very broadly and had a great memory. He was extremely literate for living in a world where books were uncommon and really expensive. Virgil helped take on new heights and transform poetic nature. ‘”Virgil himself in the Georgics, blends myth and reality, the mysterious and the known. There is even a various landscape, not only level grass and sand and a laurel grove but hills and deep valleys and a ‘summa cacumina’, which would seem to mean peaks or mountain tops or at least a high ridge falling steeply to the vale below'” Richard Jenkyns Virgil’s Experience 462, l;67,68 .
Virgil wrote many poems in his life such as the Catalepton, Culex, Ciris, Copa, Dirae, and Moretum. In 43 B.C Virgil was in Mantua and a new ruling had formed. The share of lands in Cremona and Mantua suffered because of this new ruling. Virgil’s farm was taken from him and because of attempting to resist barely kept his life. He made friends with C. Asinius Pollio, governor of Cisalpine Gaul, and in Pollio’s successor Alfenus Varus. Through Pollio, he was introduced to Octavius, and either received his farm back or was given an estate in Campania in place of his farm.
The poems in which Virgil records his experience at that time were the ten Eclogues or Bucolics, which were published in their order in 37B.C. The first and ninth documents are the poems that Virgil focuses his time from being taken away from his farm. Seven years of his life were focused on the Georgics, the four books were published during the year of 29B.C. He finished out his life working on his now-famous work, The Aeneid. Virgil set out to travel to Greece and Asia to revise his work for the next three years. He wanted to see the setting of his epic through his own eyes. He ended up meeting Augustus in Athens on his homeward journey from the east. He was persuaded to return to Italy with the emperor. Virgil contracted a fever at Megara, and it grew worse along their voyage.
Virgil died in Brundisium, a few days after settling on land. He died at fifty-one years of age, September 22, 19B.C and his body was buried at Naples. Before Virgil died he was aware of the mistakes that a first draft writing could bring. Virgil gave Varius and Tucca instructions as his literary executors for The Aeneid. That if he ever died and it was not revised and completed to burn the epic. The epic was instead published under the orders of Augustus. Augustus ordered for Virgil’s literary executors to edit the epic since they were so close with Virgil, but to not add anything to it so that it could be published as a remembered work of Virgil. The Aeneid later became Rome’s national epic and Virgil, a literary legend.