This mentioned family as a group of people

This section shows the conceptual and
operational definition of the variables of the study. This study is composing
of different terms that needed to be defined.

One of it is the socio-economic profile
of the respondent, it serves as to provide a background check of the respondent
that include the respondent’s age, civil status, religious affiliation,
educational attainment, occupation, the amount of their daily or weekly
allowance and type of family they belong.

According to Princeston University
(2005), socio-economic means as a term that refers to a person or group’s
placement in a stratified social construct. It is a combined term of two words
social and economic (Radzman, 2001). To the researchers, this concept is
usually used to foretell individual or group behavior. In this study, the
socio-economic defined as the social condition of a person means culture, a
society where a person is living and his/her interaction with society and its
financial status.

Family as the basic unit institution in
the society plays a unique role in raising, rearing, and molding a child to
become a better citizen in the wider society. In this institution, the child
learns his/her primary knowledge and understands norms and values of the
society, as well as the norms and values of the smaller group to which he/she
belongs.

Family structure varies across cultures
and changes over time (Cancian & Reed, 2009; Hill, 2012). Many sociologists
and anthropologists give different definitions of this term. According to
Murdock (1949), family as a social group composed of adults of both sexes who
have a common residence, it also maintains a socially approved sexual
relationship and has one or more children from their sexual cohabitation. Coser
(2004) also mentioned family as a group of people composed of husband, wife,
and their children born in their wedlock and united by moral, legal and social
rights and obligations.

According to The Centre for Social
Justice (2013), to have a core of a strong society, it should have a stable and
healthy family. Within in the family environment that an individual’s
development in different aspects such as physical, emotional and mental
well-being occurs. Where we learn to love, to give, to understand right and wrong,
and we acquire fundamental skills such as sharing, self-control, empathizing,
and communication.

Sociologists have identified two family
types: a) nuclear family composed of two adults of different sexes and their
children (own or adopted); and b) extended family composed of two or three
generations of relations living together (Bilton et al., 1996; Giddens, 1993)

And when family consist of a mother and
her children and these children are her biological offspring is called
matrifocal. A common kind of family where the women have the resources to rear her
children by herself. A family with mixed parents: one or both parents remarried
and children of the firmer family are brought into the new family is called
blended or stepfamily. According to Michael Lam, a social psychologist, in
sociology, traditional family refers to “a middle-class family with a
bread-winning father and stay-at-home mother, married to each other and raising
their own children,” while the nontraditional family to exceptions from this
rule. And most of the households today are nontraditional.

The basis of having a well-functioning
society is to have a healthy marriage, stable family, and well-adjusted
children. But we diverge to what is the concept of family and have nearly
destroyed individuals in the process. Moreover, the society has changed its
concept of what really constitutes a family, and adjusting thoughts and
behaviors regarding family values. It is a known fact, though, that family
influences us in many ways and that patterns of interaction in the family are
the most lasting influence that each of us will ever know. The way that we have
together with our family members it determines what it means to us to be a
human being. Indeed, family signifies “who we are and how we behave”, but we
can’t deny the fact that there is no perfect society; good things should come
to an end. The healthy marriage, stable family, and well-adjusted children that
we ever thought will turn into unhealthy marriage and unstable family. And the
whole family becomes devastated because family breakdown exists.

Family breakdown is known as a point of
divergence in which the family members union comes to an end and it happens
when parents decide to separate divorce, and/or death of a parent or parents.
However, it is not a single event, but a process that involves a number of risk
and protective factors that interact in complex ways both before and after
parental separation or divorce to increase or limit the risk of the adverse
outcomes associated with family breakdown (Zakaria, p.17)