The to corporationsexpanding abroad, and continuous racial injustice

The Progressive Era from 1900-1920 was not effective of bringingabout true progressive reforms at the national level because it hadbeen a slow process by the presidents co-opting the ideas of trueprogressives,  limited trust busting, which led to corporationsexpanding abroad, and continuous racial injustice towards AfricanAmericans.  Even though there were some improvements made, such aswomen’s suffrage, the reform of unsanitary practices in the foodindustry, and child labor laws, these changes occurred at aconservative pace, not at all radically.  The Progressive Era broughtabout limited reform movements gradually.       The true progressive movement began with muckrakers, journalistswho exposed scandals, corruption, and injustice to public view.  Theyopened discussion for a better society and first targeted the trusts,particularly the railroads.  They considered them dangerously powerfuland deeply corrupt.  Muckrakers advocated for an uncorrupted politics,which had been a central problem during the Gilded Age.  Upton Sinclairwas  also one of the true progressives, intent on radically changinghow poor urban workers lived.  His novel, the Jungle described horrificconditions in the meat packing industry in Chicago.  As in Document Bin 1906, it describes how the meat packing process was completelyunsanitary, and during the process, “gathered dirt, splinters, floorfilth, and the expectoration of tuberculosis and other diseasedworkers.” Just as these descriptions were included in the jungle,this led to the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906.  However Sinclair’snovel was initially supposed to convince Americans that socialism wastheir only hope (as in the Jungle, the protagonist finds socialism ashis way of escaping poverty).  As well as meat packing problemsoccurring in factories, children were working in factories at a veryyoung age. Reformers such as Jane Addams stated in Document C, “…socaught in the admiration of the astonishing achievements of modernindustry that they forget the children themselves?”  In 1916 Wilsonsupported the Keating-Owen Act, the first federal law regulating childlabor.  Although efforts to place limitations on child labor occurred,they were routinely thwarted by the courts, and invalidated it in 1918. In Document J, it is even shown that the percent of eligible votersdecrease from the 1900s to the 1920s.  Although there were improvementsmade, it was not the initial goals of the true progressives that hadsparked the movement.      As the progressive movement began to spread, Theodore Rooseveltbegan co-opting the progressive movement with his campaign.  It was away to gain votes; however, created a new more conservation progressiveview.  While he co-opted some reforms of the progressives he did notfulfill all of the progressive’s goals. It was even stated thatRoosevelt was not a trust-buster in heart; however, he did bust a fewtrusts that he considered bad.  As in Document A, Roosevelt is depictedas a hunter, conquering the bad trusts, and letting the meek goodtrusts alive.  While Roosevelt busted some trusts, he did so just toappeal to the people, not because he was truly against the corruptness.However, he was the first president to use the Sherman Anti-trust actagainst the employers, instead of breaking up strikers. Wilson alsosigned the Clayton Antitrust Act in 1914, Document E, which stated thatit was the agency would have authority to launch prosecution againstunfair trade practices.  However Wilson did little to protect it fromconservative assaults, which greatly weakened it.    Roosevelt hadother attempts to co-opt the ideas of progressives as in Document Dwhere he states that direct vote of the people instead of by indirectvote through the Electoral College, would lessen corruption.  A bitironic, was Taft, who was supposedly also a trust-buster, but spreadcorporations abroad by using the Dollar Diplomacy.  Although presidentsduring the Progressive Era strive to co-opt some progressive reforms,it led to breaking away from the original complete anti-monopolydefinition of progressivism.       Lastly, socially there was improvement for women.  Middle-classwomen broke away from sticking to mainly domestic responsibilities,gained their own salaries , and even some advocated for the vote.  Asin Document H, a woman stands beside a sign advocating for womensuffrage.  Even though there women were organizing for the cause,Wilson refused to support the movement for national woman suffrage.Most of all, as the muckrakers advocated for social justice, a majorityof African Americans were still treated horribly.  In Document I,W.E.B. DuBois explains how the blacks returning from fighting in WWIexpected that there would be more equality.  However, “Americarepresents and gloats in lynching, disfranchisement, caste, brutalityand devilish insult…and is yet a shameful land.”  AsAfrican-Americans returned from fighting and saw a lot of whiteresistance of rights for blacks, especially in the South, it led tobrutal violence when both sides fought back against each other.  Evenas reform movements improved things such as Women suffrage, it was aslow process, and even slower for the African-Americans.    In conclusion, although the Progressive Era had been marked withreforms and an improved lifestyle for many, it proved to be slowconservative process.  The movement moved farther and farther away fromwhat it had originally had been when presidents began co-opting them toappeal to the people.  America still had a long way even though somereform movements were successful.