Our country we live in today has many problems that still are around. The Civil War was intended to put the nation back together but ended up causing further divisions. Even today we face many problems that started and never ended in the Civil War era. Racism was an issue that continued and took on a different form. The North and South disagreed on many issues but one of their main arguments was slavery. Emma J. Lapsanky-Werner stated in her book United States History that “congress passed the fourteenth amendment to guarantee equality under the law for all citizens, any state that refused to allow black people to vote would risk losing seats in the House of Representatives” (Lapsanky-Werner 407). This shows that our nation was trying to fix an effect of slavery but did not solve it completely. The fourteenth amendment was intended to help blacks finally get a vote in society, but was further inhibited by society making grandfather clauses, poll taxes, and even passed laws that didn’t allow blacks to vote in their state. The people of The South found ways to get around society and set rules. One way they got around the amendments is with the grandfather clause. Lapanksy wrote, “it allowed a person to vote as long as his ancestors had voted prior to 1866” (521). With the South enacting this rule, it automatically ruled out the slaves because their grandfathers weren’t from America, thus there was no way they could vote. Also, the slaves children aren’t going to be able to vote either because of the ancestor factor. Another way the South worked around the system was with a poll tax. Kimberley Johnson wrote in an article called Poll Tax that, “In the United States, the poll tax has been connected with voting rights. Poll taxes enacted in Southern states between 1889 and 1910 had the effect of disenfranchising many blacks as well as poor whites, because payment of the tax was a prerequisite for voting” (Johnson 1). Slaves who were becoming free didn’t have a life outside of slavery, let alone have money to pay for this tax. Some Southerners even went to the extreme of passing the Jim Crow laws which “kept white and blacks separate” (Lapansky 520). One Charleston newspaper writer said, “If there must be Jim Crow cars, there should be Jim Crow waiting saloons, then there would have to be Jim Crow jury boxes and a Jim Crow Bible for colored witnesses” (Lapanksy 521). This shows that there were many people who had opposing viewpoints even in the same Culture setting. African Americans were put down and even mistreated in our nation. African Americans united across all different states and tried to prevail against the White discriminators, but they were turned down from violent groups that mistreated them. The most famous group of all is the Ku Klux Klan. The History Channel staff wrote in an article, “For its part, the Ku Klux Klan dedicated itself to an underground campaign of violence against Republican leaders and voters (both black and white) in an effort to reverse the policies of Radical Reconstruction and restore white supremacy in the South” (History Channel staff 1). Many blacks encountered the Ku Klux Klan and never lived to tell the tale. Another way society mistreated blacks was by lynching. Ida B. Wells “wrote numerous articles that condemned the mistreatment’s of blacks” (Lapansky 523). When she wrote these articles the “Local Whites ran her out of town” (523). The whites weren’t going to stop at any measure to discriminate or lessen the values of blacks. America still faces racism everyday, in many different situations. Problems back in this era still haven’t been resolved, and new ones have came along as well. Racism and slavery are big factors and have led to many fights and arguments. Today in society we are facing new and different problems and learning how to deal with them just like the people in history.