New York was established as a colony in 1664, and was originally a Dutch colony. It was founded in 1626, on Manhattan Island, by Peter Minuit. Since the Dutch surrendered to the English in the battle, it became an American colony.
The population of New York’s free people was 4,682 free people.
The population of New York’s slaves were 21,193 people.
New York was named after the Duke of York, because James the second of England, and the Duke of York sent 4 different ships to NA to battle out for getting the colony New York. After they won, the Duke of York decided to name it after himself.
The people in New York made money by lumber trading, merchants, tradesman, farmers, shipping, and the slave trade were the most common occupation.
II. Personal Background
Alexander Hamilton was born on January 11, 1757 on island of Nevis, in the Caribbean Sea. Hamilton was 30 in 1787.
Since Alexanders mother died when he was 13 years old, he ended up working on accounts at an import – export firm. Before she died, he was educated by his mother and by a Presbyterian clergyman on St. Croix then, Hamilton later educated himself a year later.
His occupations, were working as a lawyer, public security interest, Real estate, Land speculation, and currently, chosen to be in the continental army as a soldier.
During the revolutionary war, Hamilton assisted Washington when the British later evacuated the state of Philadelphia, during the Spring, in 1778 .
Role of government
Alexander Hamilton’s views on the articles of Confederation were clear. He wanted a stronger central government. Washington and Hamilton both believed that Americas free states were weak, and did not have enough power to hold the nation together. Therefore, he was a key figure in the ratification. He contributed more to the ratification of the constitution than sharing his views on the articles of confederation. In 1787, he was chosen to represent New York; one of the five delegates. Hamilton took advantage of this, and spread his many ideas of how to change the articles of confederation. Being the strong nationalist and mercantilist he was, Hamilton strongly believed in the power of a strong government, and the benefits which come along. Leading passionately to his argument, he wrote 51 of the 85 essays in the later published book, The Federalist on behalf of the constitution he was proposing. In 1778, while attending the ratifying convention in New York, he defended his beliefs and proposed new ideas, in hopes to change the government. Because of this, New York ratified the constitution.
Alexander Hamilton made it clear during the ratification of the constitution that he wanted the government power to not belong to the states, but simply a strong national government. He disliked having a single state government, however, he still wanted Americas free states to keep their rights and individuality. Therefore, he created a proposal for a new government, that would combine both of these benefits.
B. National Legislature
Hamilton favored the idea of the Virginia plan, where there would be proportional representation in both houses of Congress. Therefore, he also went by the rule of The Virginian plan. It favored states with more population because they would have more representatives. Delegates from Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York ( where Hamilton was from) and bigger states loved the new plan. Since the bigger states have more representatives, they have more power, opposed to the smaller states, with less power.
According to Hamilton, and his new government idea, he introduced a plan with two houses, upper and lower house. The upper house was the senate, elected by chosen people with a life-long term in the government. The lower house was the assembly, and they had a three year term in the government. Overall , Hamilton picked 2 groups ( houses) of how the national legislature should be organized, opposed to only one.
Hamilton was stuck in a situation. Should slaves be counted as people or property when taxed ? His two thoughts were : People who owned plantations in slave- rich areas would be taxed much more, however, there would also be more people in congress. At the end, to make it fair, he, and a group of men created the great compromise. Where every slave would be counted as 3/5th of a man.
Hamilton believed that since slaves were taxed already, they should count in representation. In his argument, he reportedly brought the revolutionary phrase, ” no taxation without representation”. He had great support for the slaves : 3/5 of a man; because he believed people being taxed with property, should have more say in the government.
Hamilton had a big role in the abolition movement to end slavery. Even though he advocated for slaves to count in representation, he would rather them not count in representation, rather than be the property for taxation.
Hamilton thought slaves should be citizens, however, they should only count as 3/5th of the population, since there are many slaves across the states. The Great comprise stated this rule, brought up by James Madison.
D. Chief executive
Hamilton concluded that the chief executive should have balanced power. He wanted the government to be in three different branches, so it balance out the power, so one branch doesn’t get all the power. The branches were : the executive, legislative, and judiciary branch.
Hamilton had a large argument that executive jobs should be done by a single chief in a council, whereas having multiple chief executives. He thought that chief executives should have a life term, which would give stability to the government, and executive office. They would get elected by an electoral college. He believed that if the president only served for a few years, they may not have their goal accomplished, and unfinished problems. To fix that issue, Hamilton strongly favored having the president have a life term.
Hamilton wanted the chief executives to be chosen by a system of elector colleges. He believed that the idea of only serving for 4 years would lead to unfinished goals, and business, whereas a life term would help accomplish many goals