Mass media consumption may become more harmful than most people anticipate. Print media displays images of models who are seen as healthy, though it is more than likely that they are not. Broadcast media plays television shows and/or movies that have characters who have romantic goals that are difficult to achieve in reality. These impractical displays affect viewers in both psychological and physical ways. Magazines and TV programs improve communication, but they also have negative effects on audiences that view these platforms, including distorting how people treat themselves and others surrounding them. Print Media Print media allows readers to catch up on the “latest gossip,” to see the “recent buzz” that everyone around them seems to be talking about. There are magazines that contain plentiful articles, but there are also magazines that consist of pictures taking up majority of the pages in them. However, with all of the pictures in the magazines, “Images invite comparisons: reinforcing who we are not and who we would like to be.” (Featherstone, 197). While magazine readers may seem happy for the newest celebrity couple that has gotten engaged, they may also flip the page to see slim models that they wish to be. There are readers that wonder what it would be like to be that thin and attractive to audiences. This thoughts may trigger negative emotions to conflict with the readers that become susceptible due to the pictures that they saw. In an experiment, young females were given pictures of models to observe how the females reacted. “…exposure to ultra-thin models depressed adolescent girls’ self-evaluations of their physical attractiveness, their body satisfaction and their sense of ”personal desirability” (Clay, Vignoles, and Dittmar, 454). When shown images of models, adolescent girls got emotionally unstable as they compared their appearance to the models’. The models were not an accurate representation as to what an average person would look like, as they were “ultra-thin,” and the girls in the experiment became vulnerable while their self-esteem dropped after viewing the images. Body image and self-esteem can be linked as “body image is central to adolescent girls’ self definition, because they have been socialized to believe that appearance is an important basis for self-evaluation and for evaluation by others.” This experiment showed how problematic print media can be, since after viewing the pictures, the girls believed that the models’ appearances were the beauty standards set out for them (Clay, Vignoles, and Dittmar, 452). “…for certain groups, especially those who read ‘lads’ or young men’s magazines, anxiety about their body image coupled with excessive workouts in the gym can apparently lead to a new condition, dubbed ‘athletica nervosa'” (Featherstone, 202). Athletica nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by excessive and compulsive exercise. Not only are there people who get athletica nervosa, but they can also begin to have “anorexic and bulimic behaviors since they were significantly predicted by overall magazine reading, even after interest in dieting and fitness as magazine topics had been partialled out of the regression equations” (Harrison and Cantor, 61). Print media may not only harm a person psychologically, but it may also do harm on the body itself. Readers may also see the magazines and feel pressured to become muscular and bulky, as others say that those are qualities that they are look for in a romantic partner. Readers, and even television viewers, are familiar with seeing couples that claim to have “fallen in love at first sight,” or even claim that they know that their partner is their “soulmate.” “In a content analysis of every article in every Seventeen magazine issue between 1974 and 1994, it was found that discussions of romance pervaded throughout the period, including consistent themes about ‘love at first sight’ and meeting the ‘the one and only.'” (Holmes). Print media does have part in shaping one’s views on marriage, and may form ideas that are quixotic (Segrin and Nabi, 261). Readers may go through years waiting and expecting to find “the perfect one,” who they want to settle down with, have a family with, and grow old with. Those goals do seem achievable, although they may not be for readers with high expectations and the possibility that they might think that they can follow through with all of those aspirations easily. Broadcast MediaSimilar to print media, broadcast media is shown for viewers to be entertained. Nonetheless, some people are still able of having their emotions skitter while watching the show and/or movie. It is common to see television shows and movies that have actors and actresses who are average sized or slim. “In a study analyzing 33 television shows, it was discovered that 69% of actresses were rated as thin” (Myers and Biocca, 110). The result of an experiment was found that when grade school girls began to watch television more, they were linked with having issues with their eating routines a year later (Grabe, Ward, and Hyde, 472). It is likely that these girls in the studies compared themselves to the actresses in the films. Since there were slender female characters often in the programs, it was more common that the comparisons became so serious that the adolescents developed issues with their eating habits, since they viewed it more frequently. Studies have been found to show that female viewers are more affected by the TV programs than male viewers. “A multimedia content analysis in 1986 reported that the body shape standard in television is significantly slimmer for women than for men” (Harrison and Cantor, 42). While broadcasting media does display thin standards for men, the examples set out for women are more prominent. The ideals for women are significant, as they affect female viewers because it is more common to watch thin actresses on television, than thin male actors. The standards displayed for women are largely important, as the more ideas to become slender are thought of, the closer to death a woman moves (Myers and Biocca, 113).As more studies focus on women’s relations with media consumption linking to their body dissatisfaction, men’s rate for their body discomfort has increased. “… the emphasis on muscularity is communicated to even the youngest males with toy action figures becoming significantly more muscular…” (Agliata and Tantleff-Dunn, 8). As the standard for males to be lean and muscular become frequent, audiences feel pressured to oblige. Adolescent boys are growing up, and playing with toys that have already started to set out society’s standards for their future. However, the action figures can relate to displays of bulky men in TV programs that they will watch, as their beliefs are altered while the images in the advertisements are digitally enhanced, in order to seem “perfect” (Featherstone, 221). This analysis is less common to be known, compared to analyses of women’s broadcast media stereotypes. When most studies focus on women’s conflicts, their troubles are more similar to men’s problems that are impacted by the TV programs.Beauty and fitness magazines have a significant impact on their readers, as they may rely on the text for health information for if they do not have a physician, or just do not trust their physician (Shymansky, 13-14). However, as readers flip through pages that have models, they may start to desire to be in similar shape as the models. Female readers will hope to be as thin, and male readers will wish to be as muscular. Their goals seem to be normal, but they way that they achieve them are unhealthy and not safe at all. There has been found in multiple studies that there are relations to body dissatisfaction and disordered eating habits (Harrison and Cantor, 47). It was observed that television viewing also impacted how audiences see not only themselves, but how they also perceive others around them. Studies found that broadcast media audiences were more common to enter a relationship with ideal expectations. Overall television programs affect how people will perceive marriage to be, but specific genres of television, for instance romantic comedies and soap operas, have an even larger significance to the viewers (Segrin and Nabi, 259). These viewers are found to have more unrealistic expectations about marriage because of the ways that entertainment industries portray couples in their shows and movies. There is also a “common belief that if two people are ‘meant for one another’ then they should understand and predict each other’s wishes and desires with little effort or communication” (Holmes). Due to broadcast media portraying impractical ideas of relationships, audiences are unable to truly realize the hardships that couples go through. While broadcast media displays stereotypes for married couples to grow old together with their children and have an occasional argument, it is uncommon to see people getting divorced. “Divorce rates increased over 200% from the 1960s to the 1980s” (Segrin and Nabi, 247). Television viewers are familiar with marriages being filled with love and happiness, not with fights and divorces because of the demonstrations of spouses’ lifestyles. When those viewers get married, they will expect for their partner to be their spouse for the rest of their lives. They will be inadequate to think about the possibility that their marriage might fall apart within time. “People with these types of beliefs tend to want to give up too easily in a relationship when confronted with problems, interpreting strife as a sign that the relationship ‘just wasn’t meant to be'” (Holmes). If their hopes are crushed, they will become emotionally unstable, and they may wonder why TV programs rarely show couples going through rough patches. ConclusionTelevision shows and movies are a source of entertainment for viewers. Regardless of having a sole purpose of just entertaining people, viewers can grow up and see the romantic goals in the programs that they watch, and implement them in their lives as goals of their own. The more that these viewers watch similar shows and movies as the ones who originally gave them the idealistic goals, the more amount of time that their expectations for relationships will be unable to change. Audiences who have high expectations about marriage that originated from television will carry on, holding their beliefs the same if they continue to watch programs with the same themes. (Segrin and Nabi, 260). Mass media contains multiple types of outlets, like magazines, the Internet, television, and music. Print media and broadcast media seem to be the platforms that have a larger impact on their audience. As the audience explores images of thin models, they will desire to be in the same shape as them. While viewers grow up, they may end up having unrealistic goals about marriage that originated from the programs that they watched. The viewers’ idealistic hopes affect them emotionally and physically, once they are not able to achieve the goals that they believed they could. Magazines and television are in entertainment industries, but not only do they enlighten their audience, they have the ability to change their spectators’ views on how to treat their bodies and their romantic partners.