Manufacturing Environmental pollution caused by plastic waste has

Manufacturing of Roofing  Tiles by using Plastic Waste and Agricultural
Waste

Introduction

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

In almost all developing countries,
there are having small numbers of roofing materials. Stone, grass and palm
leaves are the local roofing materials often used in Sri Lanka. Most of the
Environmental pollution caused by plastic waste has become a major issue
locally and globally. Similarly, agricultural wastes such as rice husk, sawdust
and rice straw, coir fibers have also become a threat to the Environment.So
that we focus about how to use those material 
to industry in proper way

There are number of previous studies
that have been carried out to what are the suitable Agricultural waste with
plastic waste to produce roofing tiles. Research output of Ruby Abraham 2015
reveal that natural coir fiber composite as a agricultural waste can be used as
the roofing material.He improved Compressive strength, tensile strength,
breaking load and ductile properties by using fibers. Water absorption test which
used coir fiber and without coir fiber was observed . Finally higher value of
water absorption in with core fiber was observed.Simillarly University of
Ruhuna2016 studied the effect of rice husks (as an agricultural waste) on
structural properties and thermal properties of roofing tiles.10% replacement
of rice husks show 47.24% increment of transverse breaking loads .Therefore addition
of  rice husks  reduce bulk density and thermal conductivity
in roof tile. However, rice husks increase water absorbtion of roofing tile. In
this research provides solution for environmental damage caused by dumping of
rice husks as a waste.Mehdi Seghiri 2017 studied what are the possibilities
of making a composite material from waste plastic. In this studies manufacturing
roofing tile from recycled HDPE and sand dune and compared their properties
which was the most suitable one. Containing 70% HDPE with sand dune Polymer
roofing tile gives the best quality. Decreasing density with the increase of
the HDPE ratio  gives polymer tile    a
light weight, and also the breaking load of polymer
roof tile was lower than the clay roofingtile. According to that research  HDPE polymer roofing tile has potential to be
used as a polymer roofing tile. Alchapar Noelia 2013 studied the Solar
Reflectance Index of the roofing tiles that decrease  rapidly with age in the total of the evaluated
samples (75% of the tiles showed SRI degradation levels higher than 20%). This
is obtained result in the case of the most efficient tile aging in the thermal
performance is closely related to the combine effect of their characteristics,
such as composition, color, finish and shape. 
J.F. Horta 2016 investigated how to composite material properties
developed from reused HDPE and pine sawdust from the lumber industry. Sawdust
was added to HDPE and observed mechanical and reinforced properties. Adding
sawdust(20%,40%,60%,80%) with  the
recycled HDPE together has shown to improve mechanical response. These
materials to be a competitive advantage for industries.MartinsG. 2016 analyzed
wood plastic composite for a newly roofing system to research for the most
suitable properties of composites made of pine wood residues with HDPE. Tensile
test and water absorption capacity were measured to determine the chemical
composition, thermal behavior and mechanical properties of the composite. The high
mechanical strength shows from the high filler content contributes not only to
the mechanical properties, but also to resistance against water of the material
surface and low water absorption.

 Nowadays
asbestos sheet roof covering become more popular among people. But those
roofing material causes lung cancer and other health effects.In our research we
focused mainly use of waste agricultural material and waste plastic to
manufacture roofing tile that prevents environmental pollution. In previous
paragraph summarized the researchers’  methods
to find out what are the suitable waste material to produce roofing tile. The
main objective of this research is to collect agricultural waste and plastic waste
in available in Sri Lanka and making sustainableproduct (roofing tile) with
enhancing their structural (mechanical)properties and thermal properties.

Objectives

ü 
To develop sustainable roofing material using agricultural
waste with plastic waste

ü 
Changing mixing size of the ingredients material and
changing external conditions and choose the suitable composition to the roofing
tile

ü 
To study the strength and behavior of this tiles with
enhancing their mechanical properties and thermal properties

Methodology

ü  At the first
step the roofing material manufacturing procedure is studied and gained a fair knowledge
on roofing materials with the help of available literature.

ü  Proper material
has been selected. 

ü  Then needed the
properties in roofing material were checked 
and also what are those materials (which are available as wastes) and fusibility
for implement.

ü  Make Specimens
only using HDPE waste. And test those samples.

ü  Then make some
specimens, changing materials and material mixing ratios(20%,40%,60%.80% sawdust
mixing with HDPE Plastic Waste)

ü  Shred  materials in to small sizes and bind the agent
by  using pressure and  mould to  make specimens

ü  Finally, each
specimen was tested and identified the properties of specimens.  

 

Resource requirements and
Availability

        Equipment             -Shredder (Shreds materials in to
5-6mm size)

                -Laminating press (Binding the
agents and finishing it to better  
surface)

                -Hot press (applying more
pressure and increasing the process of binding)

                -Cold press
(Cooling down materials by using manual power)

Testing Equipment             `- Universal
Test Machine (to measure Transverse Breaking Load)

-Oven (to measure bulk density and
Water absorption of Tile)

-Digital Thermometer and thermocouple (to measure
thermal Properties)

                 Materials- Rice husks ,Saw
dust ,coir fibers ,LDPE/ HDPE waste

Activity Plan

.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

1.       
Takao Ugai ,2015,Evaluation of
Sustainable Roof from Various Aspects and Benefits of Agriculture Roofing in
Urban Core,FocusLabo LLC, 444 Nahua St #2202, Honolulu, HI 96815 U.S.A.

2.       
Anna Laura Piselloa,Lucia
Brinchia,2013,On a cool coating for roof clay tiles: development of the
prototype and thermal-energy assessmentaCIRIAF ,University of Perugia.ViaG.Duranti
63, Perugia 06125, Italy

3.       
Mehdi Seghiri1,2017, The Possibility of
Making a Composite Material from Waste Plastic ,DjamelBoutoutaouLaboratory of
Exploitation and Valorization of Natural Resources in Arid Areas
(E.V.R.N.Z.A.), Ouargla BP 511, 30000 Algeria.

4.       
JurgitaMalaiškien?a,2013, Frost
Resistant Ceramics Produced From Local Raw Materials and Wastes a,bDepartment
of Building Materials, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas
technical University, Sauletekio av. LT–10223, Vilnius, Lithuania

5.       
VishakhaSakharea, 2015, Performance
assessment of sustainable composite roofing assemblies using
experimentation,aResearch Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, VNIT,
Nagpur 440010, India

6.       
Caterina Gargaria,2015,Environmental
impact of Green roofing: the contribute of a green roof to the sustainable use
of natural resources in a life cycle approach ,a Dept. of Energy, Systems,
Territory and Construction Engineering (DESTEC), University of Pisa, Via
Diotisalvi 2, Pisa 56126  (Italy)  b

7.       
Darsana Pa Ruby Abraham b,2015,
Development of Coir-Fibre Cement Composite Roofing Tiles, aDepartment of
applied mechanics ,national institute of technology,575025,India

8.       
Martins G.a,2016, Optimization of a
wood plastic composite for architectural applications,aDepartment of Chemistry,
University of Coimbra, 3004-535 Coimbra, Portugal

9.       
J.F.Horta,2016, Study of Wood-Plastic
Composites with reused High Density Polyethylene and Wood Sawdust,’CDRsp-Center
for Rapiud and Sustainable Product Development,2430-028 Marinha Grande,
Portugal

10.    
SurangiM.L.C.,Subhashini de
Silva,2016,Effects of rice husk ash on structural and thermal properties of
clay roof tiles,University of Ruhuna,Galle.