The word ‘Journal’ is derived from the French word ‘Jour’ and the Latin word ‘Diurnalis’ which depicts the word “Daily.” The derivation indicates that a Journal is associated with an act that is performed on a regular or daily basis. The word Journal is not just connected to a daily act but has several ties with other activities too which will be discussed further below. The word Journal is used as a noun in the grammatical field. The other forms of Journal as a verb are as follows:
Noun: Journal; Plural Noun: Journals; Verb: Journal; 3rd Person Present: Journals; Past Tense: Journaled; Past Participle: Journaled; Present Participle: Journaling.
The word Journal portraying different definitions under different fields are as follows:
· In Literature’s Field: Journal is defined as a regular or daily act of recording things in a textual form in the literary domain.
· In Commerce’s Field: Journal is defined as a daily documentation of business transactions under Debit and Credit in the commercial domain. It is also referred as a Logbook.
· In Journalism’s Field: Journal is defined as an article in a newspaper, magazine, tabloid, etc. in the Journalism domain. A few examples are professional articles like medical, academic, or scholar journals, etc.
A few definitions of a Journal are as follows:
· Dictionary definition of a Journal: A journal is a diary that records a person’s personal thoughts and experiences or a publication associated with a particular industry or domain. An example of the above definition is a person keeping a diary and recording their own personal thoughts and experiences which they have dealt with.
· Basic definition of a Journal: A journal is written documentation of encounters, ideas, and inspections. It is referred to many titles like a Notebook, Diary, Logbook, etc.
· A personal journal is a very intimate document where an author records their reflections on their life’s encounters and experiences.
Journal vs. Diary (Similarities and Differences)
A journal is generally more personal than a diary, and while it includes daily activities, it also has details about how the person felt during the day, about any special event or issue that came up, about a specific person or incident and how these various things made the writer feel within that day. A journal is quite emotional and private and allows the writer to express their inner feelings privately, and journals are generally meant to be kept private unless when journal writing is encouraged at schools where students may be asked to share their writing.
A journal generally has no format, does not need editing or careful planning or thinking. It is just a process of thoughts and feelings being written down as they come without restrictions. Journals are not written on a daily basis and can be written more often than daily or less often depending on the writer’s needs to express their feelings. Journals may have other items alongside writing such as pictures, poems, quotes, drawings, etc.
A diary is a book that is used to record daily activities. This means that, in a diary, the writer will write a description of how the day was spent, what was done during the day, their usual routine and anything that needs to get done additionally such as a ‘to do list’. A diary is a more disciplined form of writing where an individual will make a log of events that happened, whether it was successfully completed, whether there is additional work to carry forward, any achievements, goals, and targets. Diaries are used on a daily basis; usually at the end of each day where a log of events is made. Diary writing is quite simple and can be done by anyone who wishes to record and remember how their days are spent. There are no specific skills that are necessary to maintain a diary.
Similarities between a Journal and a Diary
Journals and Diaries may be different on the factual basis but there are still many similar aspects between them that relate a diary with a journal. Both of them are quite similar in their basic structures as they both are used by a person to record their personal feelings and experiences. They both can be kept by any individual without any professional guidelines. They both can contain whatever pleases their author may it be personal or professional. There are no regulations and norms on how a journal or a diary is supposed to be written and no special skill is required to compose them which makes them quite similar on a formation basis.
Differences between a Journal and a Diary
Journals and diaries are often confused by many to be the same. Since many people do not understand the difference, they use a single book to maintain a diary as well as a journal. However, there are a number of differences between the two. The diary is like a record of a person’s daily activities; it is much like a mini newspaper that contains details about specific events during the day. A journal is much more personal than a diary. A journal contains feelings, emotions, problems, assurances and is pretty much used to examine one’s life. Diary writing is a daily activity whereas journal writing can be done whenever the writer feels the need to write. While journal writing is generally taught at schools, diary writing can be done by anyone and does not require any skills as such.
Diaries and journals have been popular for over centuries and are used for writing and recording information about a specific person. Journals are more personal than diaries; however, both diaries and journals are generally kept private. Many people confuse journals and diaries to be the same, even though they are quite different to one another. The elements of a Journal and a Diary are summarized as follows:
• Diaries and journals have been popular for over centuries and are used for writing and recording information about a specific person.
• A diary is a book that is used to record daily activities, where the writer will write a description of how the day was spent, what was done during the day, their usual routine and anything that needs to get done additionally.
• A journal is generally more personal than a diary, and while it includes daily activities, it also has details about how the person felt during the day, about any special event or issue that came up, about a specific person or incident and how these various things made the writer feel within that day.
• Diary writing is a daily activity whereas journal writing can be done whenever the writer feels the need to write.
• While journal writing is generally taught in schools, diary writing can be done by anyone and does not require any skills as such.
Characteristics of a Journal:
Journal presents a stage for people to unearth and portray their feelings and ideas about the different aspects and events of their life. All the ideas and occurrences that are recorded in a journal are authentic and original as all the events that they wrote about were experienced and lived by them. Journal is a chain of inspections where an individual examines the social, political, and cultural norms of their lives which they went through personally. People generally record all the noteworthy events of their lives in a journal so their thoughts can be kept safe and revisited later for reminiscence. A journal tells the story of a person’s life as they pour their personal feelings about an incident or idea that is worthy. As it has been discussed earlier, that a journal is a very intimate document that means that it is not something that is meant to be read by anyone other than its author. It improves your qualitative approach towards life as it is a safe haven for a person to act in their most natural manner without any consequences or repercussions. It keeps your memories and recollections intact and makes your examination skills more acute and enhanced as you enter adulthood and obtain maturity and practicality. It’s a retroactive manner of narrative and gives their author an opportunity to sneak back into your past.
Journaling can prove to be a healing activity which can improve one’s emotional health which is why creative journaling is described as a self-healing activity. Journaling can also prove to be a manner of self-expression in front of everyone else. It is a reflective form of writing as it doesn’t just summarizes a series of events but also displays the critical thinking skills of the author of the journal. A Journal also provides a criticism and fear free space for an author to note down their real and personal feelings which can give them a chance to broaden their horizons and enhances their perspective about life in general. It is also an exploratory form of writing as an individual explores various aspects of life in their daily life which enhances their knowledge and wisdom and makes them grow as an individual too. An example of great power exuding from a personal journal that has influenced others in a great manner is the “Diary of Anne Frank.” It narrates the savage and painful facts from the Holocaust period which instigates every individual to take a step forward to saving humanity and safeguarding it. When we talk about Anne Frank and Rosza; they both were turned into author coincidently as they never wrote their respective journals with the goal of publishing. Even though both Anne Frank and Rosza acquired great fame for their respective journals, but sadly both their journals got published after they were deceased.
Most of the journals are written by utilizing the first-person point of view, but other perspectives can also be utilized such as:
· First-person: I is used while writing the journal as a single individual is the author of the respective journal.
· Omniscient: The journal is written from a 3rd person perspective as the author can examine everything and outline each and every detail about all the characters present in the journal.
· Limited omniscient: The author is aware of all the details about each and every character present but only reveals the details of one or more characters.
· Objective: Only the facts are revealed by the author of the journal.
Diary & Journal: A Case Study
A case study of a Diary and Journal can be conducted with a qualitative approach as it is a refined and simple research which targets to give in for the promotion of a specific domain. For example, Broadening and taking the thoughts and theories a bit further associated with a definite field. Qualitative research is the primary goal of comprehending how people explain and clarify their experiences, how they form their spheres and the definitions they associate with the respective encounters. The primary focal point here is the data construction, interpretation, and analyzation instead of just data collection. The study of diaries and journals uses the most qualitative research method that is associated with the qualitative research paradigm. A Diary or Journal study is conducted with a non – introspective analyses in which a researcher analyzes the diaries of other individuals as the data analyzation here is done in a qualitative manner. A historical point of view is required to conduct a systematic procedure from which some facts about the procedure can be known prior to the participation in the procedure.
Bengali Tuz: A Case Study
“Bengali Tuz” is a famous Hungarian journal written by a Hungarian author G. Rosza Hajnoczy in which she narrated and expressed her particular opinions, idea, encounters and all about the time she stayed in India at Shanti Niketan Ashram of Bengal. The journal displays the features of a travelogue journal around the time of her travel in India. It enhances your travel encounters as it has documented stories, sketches, tropical perception, hotels and restaurant reviews. It also held detailed notes on museums and historical sites like ruins, temples, cathedrals, etc. and it also documented all the conversations and confrontations with natives and co-travelers throughout her journey. Some of the individuals you encounter and the tales told by them last for a lifetime in your mind and memories. The journal is also considered as a novelistic travelogue as the journal was written in an epistolary manner that promotes actual life in a story and makes it more realistic as it copies the operations of real life. Therefore, the journal has displayed a variety of perspectives without the choice of an omniscient narrator. The journal is a pile of noteworthy experiences and ideas of the author as a journal is not just a record of a person’s encounters but it also is the place where their ideas, thoughts, and opinions are kept which makes it an intimate article that can be used for evaluating its author.
I will conduct a case study on Bengali Tuz with a qualitative and comparative approach with extrovert analyses. I will try to promote the improvement of knowledge and wisdom in the intercultural domain. I would also like to push the thinking process of people of the two respective countries about each other.