In unsanitary water remain among the major causes

In developing countries, and
countries that have been plagued by violence, conflict and instability, clean
and accessible water should be available. However, this is not the case. There
is sufficient water on our planet, but due to poor infrastructure, millions,
and in particular children, die from diseases corresponding to lack of clean
water such as malaria or cholera. If it remains the same, it is predicted that
by 2050, at least one in four people are likely to live in a country affected
by shortages of fresh water. 1

According to UNICEF, over 180 million
people who live in countries in crisis have limited to no access to clean
drinking water. For example, in Syria, which has been in war for nearly eight
years, water has been used as a weapon, with several deliberate water cuts,
pumps destroyed, and water resources contaminated. This resulted around 15
million, and 6.4 million children in need of clean water. Sanjay Wijesekera,
UNICEF’s global chief of water, sanitation and hygiene said, “Children’s access
to safe water and sanitation, especially in conflicts and emergencies, is a
right, not a privilege 2.”

The diseases related to unsanitary water
remain among the major causes of death in children; more than 800 children. Furthermore,
over than 2 million people die every year from diarrheal diseases. Unsafe water
is responsible for nearly 90 per cent of these deaths. By managing our water in
a sustainable manner, production of food and energy would be better managed,
and it would help contribute to economic growth.

Currently, Civil society
organizations are working to keep the governments accountable. They push them
invest in water research and development, and promote the inclusion of women,
youth and indigenous communities in water resources governance. Generating
awareness of these roles and turning them into action will lead to win-win
results and increased sustainability and integrity for both human and
ecological systems.