In noise, dumping rubbish, animal nuisance, vandalism, graffiti.

In relation to the case study, I will discuss the numerous possible impacts of crime on individuals and communities, about the types of policing that can be used, the levels of crime, the role of the media.

Some of the people feel upset, angry after facing a crime, but some of them react in different ways. Occasionally. some of them are feeling normal for a while and then, suddenly the behavior is falling apart. Others might have a physical manifestation, such as lack of sleep or feeling awful.

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How you behave to a crime also depend on the type of the crime, the support you get from your family, friends, the police; acts that have happened in your past.

The effects of the crimes may also last for a long time, even if the crime wasn’t so “serious”. Some people can handle very well with the most horrific crimes as long as others can be very anxious with “minor” crimes.

In the time that the short-term effects of a crime can be serious, most of the people don’t suffer any long-term harm. Sometimes, do develop long-term effects such as depression and only a few have a long-lasting reaction to a crime, known as PTSD-post traumatic stress disorder.

In this context, we can include the anti-social behavior. It is any behavior that causes people harassment, distress. So, anti-social behavior in the context of housing is represented as acting in a way that is able to create nuisance or displeasure to anyone.

  Between anti-social behavior and conflict between neighbors over some minor difficulty can be a fine line , although , if repeated can result in the anti-social behavior. This can include: verbal abuse, homophobic abuse, bullying of children in public recreation grounds, on the way to school, abusive behavior aimed fear to some people, especially for elderly or disabled people, noise, dumping rubbish, animal nuisance, vandalism, graffiti.

In this case study, we can identify the anti-social behavior presented by the burglary and car crime, where in that area is growing and is causing problems for the elderly people, because they are afraid to come out at night. Or the children and parents that are using the shops in the daytime feeling intimidated and uncomfortable due to the groups of teenagers hanging round the shopping area playing loud music and behaving badly.

For the crime prevention, burglary, they introduce a measure named “alley gating” which involves building-up gates to the ends and passages privately owned. That gates make it difficult for the burglars. In this way, the level of the burglars is reduced, as well the opportunities for the youth to cause annoyance and improve safer areas for children and spirit giving a sense of ownership of the alleys.

We can help the police or other departments to solve the problems in your neighborhood by reporting the anti-social behavior whenever you see it. Evidence from victims and witnesses is very important because it shows how can damage the community and it proves the annoyance of the anti-social behavior. Depending on the anti-social behavior, often all you need to do is to speak with the local police explaining that is happening, and that behavior it’s unacceptable.

For example, if you want to report an anti-social behavior to your housing provider, they have to advise you on appropriate support services. This should be enclosed in their ASB policy. This you can access their website page. Most of the housing providers offer free mediation support for you and your neighbor to work through your problem and get a polite solution.

Neighborhood policing is a strategy of policing that aims to ensure improved performance on a range of policing outcomes. It is properly introduced, neighborhood policing will make people make safe and giving progress in crime reduction, public confidence, and perceptions of anti-social behavior.

The community police were derived from the “Broken Windows” theory, the academic theory suggested by James. B Wilson in 1982 that used broken windows as an analogy for disorder in the neighborhood.

For example, you are on holiday with your family and you are driving in an unknown area. When you look around, you see the windows from the houses broken and there’s graffiti everywhere and abandoned vehicles on the streets. The first thing that you think about it is that area is a risky neighborhood and you should probably immediately leave that place. So, without knowing the area, you concluded that is unsafe, based only on the appearance. The judgment that you made is considered broken windows theory.

The community in the neighbourhood perceives social factors are leading to crime such as poverty, unemployment, lack of education and growing immigration.

A link between increased crime and poverty has been proved in a research through American government. It shows that this people who are exposed to poverty are more likely to execute crimes than those who are not. This has attend stereotypes that inhibit social progression between races and cultures.

Crime in the society can lead to material cost for the victims and sometimes additional times and financial costs arise, most of the victims need to involve the police and CSP.

The financial crime over the last years has increasingly become of concern through the world. The concern increase from different issues because of the impact of financial crime in variety of contexts. The financial crime is regularly considered as following this offences: fraud, electronic crime, money laundering, terrorist financing, information security market abuse and insider dealing.