In materials, either because of their ready recyclability

In dealing with the waste, there are two fundamental
requirements: less waste, and then an effective system for managing the waste
still produced (F.R. McDougall, et.al 2001)

Characteristics
of a Sustainable Waste Management system

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A Sustainable Waste Management system must be integrated,
market oriented, ?exible and socially acceptable. The implementation of these
principles will vary with the region to region. However, a key requirement, is
the customer–supplier relationship.

An integrated
system

Integrated Waste Management is a term that has been
frequently applied but rarely de?ned. Here it is comprehensively de?ned as a
system for waste management that has control over:

1. All types of solid waste materials. The
alternative of focusing on speci?c materials, either because of their ready
recyclability or their public pro?le is likely to be less effective, in both
environmental and economic terms, than taking a multi material approach.

2. All sources of solid waste. Wastes such as
domestic, commercial, industrial, institutional construction and agricultural. In
here hazardous waste need to be dealt in separate stream but in within the main
system.

An integrated system would include an optimized
waste collection system and ef?cient sorting, followed by one or more of the
following options:

·        
Materials
recycling

·        
Biological
treatment of organic

·        
Thermal
treatment

·        
Land?lling

Market oriented

Any scheme that incorporates materials recycling,
biological or thermal treatment technologies must recognize that effective
recycling of materials and production of compost and energy depends on markets
for these outputs. These markets are likely to be sensitive to price and to consistency
in quality and quantity of supply.

Flexibility

An effective scheme will need the ?exibility to
design, adapt and operate its systems in ways which best meet current social,
economic and environmental conditions. These conditions change over time and
vary by region to region. Using variety of waste management options in an IWMS
gives the flexibility to associate with various treatment methods when economic
and environmental conditions change.

 

 

Scale

The need for consistency in quality and quantity of
recycled materials, compost or energy, the need to support a range of
management options, and the bene?t of economies of scale, all suggest that IWM should
be organized on a large-scale, regional basis (Biala, 1998; Reimann, 1998; Kern
et al., 1999).

Social
acceptability

For waste management Systems to perform effectively
public partnership is necessary.

1.2     
Overview of cement manufacturing

Cement is the most important material for global
housing and infrastructure needs. Cement production is being streamed from 2000
years ago with the vast improvement. The use of cement in concrete has a very
long history, in the middle of the 19th century cement production
has started at the commercial level, primarily with shaft kiln and with
technological and economic development it has been replaced by the rotary kiln from
worldwide (Schneide, et al., 2011). Cement is the one of the most energy
intensive product in the world. However, the role of the cement industry in
resource conservation and environmental protection has increased in recent
years because of the rapid economic growth of large regions such as China,
India and Southeast Asia (Laszlo et al., 2006).

 

1.3.1 Worldwide
production