If openness, transparency, equal access and deliberation. There

If the powers be
delegated to an independent agency, explain the challenges of such delegation are
independent agencies allowed elected officials to shift blame for decisions
that they believed would be unpopular. Thus for instance, promoting racial and
gender equality was highly emotive and unpopular with large sections of the
electorate. And delegation establishes new actors that that may develop and pursue
their own interests,  rather than those
of their principles. The independent agency can be held responsible via top-down accountability; agencies should
be accountable to their principal: i.e., government. And via bottom-up accountability: from this
perspective, agencies are said to be accountable to their organized interests,
and the public at large if their regulatory action originates from an open and
inclusive political process, ideally based on openness, transparency, equal
access and deliberation.

 

There are
various types of regulation methods: command-and-control, self-regulation and incentive-based
regulation methods. Command-and-control regulation is the impletion of standards
supported by legal sanctions if the standards are not met. The law is used to
define and prohibit certain types of activity or force certain types of
actions. Self-regulation often takes the form of a business developing its own
rules of performance, which it also monitors and enforces. It is often seen as
a way of business taking pre-emptive to avoid government intervention. Incentive-based
regulation has a aim, which is to motivate a regulated entity to limit or stop
an undesirable activity by dictating taxes or granting subsidies. It allows
companies degrees of flexibility in deciding whether to conform to the rule or accept
the punishment. The method of regulation which will be used in this case is the
command-and-control regulated because it is backed up by law and not self-interest.

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Local authorities
are able to fit local needs and react quickly to local problems than central
government.   Local authorities are only
concern about its local interests, so if given the powers to regulate the
energy market each local authorities will make energy law, which will only
benefit them local and not a country. The central government has the power
to make and reinforces laws for the whole country which are contradict with the
local government. The  responsibilities
of the central government are maintaining national security and
exercising international diplomacy, including the right to sign
binding treaties. The power to regulate the energy law should be given to
the central government, because it will regulate energy law in the best
interests of the country and not for local interest neither private interests. However,
it may lead the central government to abuse their powers.

 

Independent agencies
are independent from the executive branch. Independent agencies re needed to increase
productivity, effectiveness and to mitigate corruption. Independent agencies re
separately funded and not primarily regulated by a government body, their actions
are generally open to legal review and subsequent punishment. However, the
independence of the independent agencies can lead to problems of accountability
and they are funded outside organizations or private sponsors. The outside
organizations or private sponsors can influence the independent agencies in
decision-making and regulations. Local authorities are a body in a local
governments.