how form the characters on screen.representation which is

how does the film Munich relate to the encoding and decoding theory and what is its effects on the perception of the Israeli / Palestinian conflict?This essay will be talking about the representation of Israeli/ Palestinian conflict in the film Munich and how the film used common stereotypes to exaggerate the character’s role in the story, also how that affects the perception of the people in the common culture. I will be doing this by analyzing the storyline and the techniques used to present and form the characters on screen.representation which is the description or portrayal of someone or something in a particular way means to depict or to show an image of something that is already there for example news, when it’s used by mass media it creates stereotypes about people countries, re-presentation gives a meaning to the things that are depicted. Because the things that are being depicted are images of what the thing, story or person actually is, as it can never be 100 percent accurate, because it’s not the actual thing, it’s just the way the story writer or journalist sees the event, and you are seeing things from his perspective  (Stuart Hall in his video-lecture “Representation & the Media,”).A certain group of people can be represented by the media using written, filmed or a different medium, for example immigrants and immigration are subjects that are very controversial which means these subject are being represented by bias people for their own gain and the true meaning is unclear and that means no one can see the full picture but still most people have an opinion depending on where they get the representation from. “There is no such thing called unmediated access to reality” (dyer 1993) which means you as a viewer or a reader will never see the full picture, even if you were at the scene you only see your interpretation of the event nothing more, Munich is a film directed by Steven Spielberg and told from the point of view of a Mossad agent chosen to lead an assassination mission against 11 Palestinians allegedly involved in the massacre.Film is a very traditional way of getting stereotypes and views forced upon the audience, so film somewhat shapes the way we deal and think about individuals and cultures even if we haven’t been exposed to them directly, for example, the way we see the events of the operation Wrath Of God is from the prespective of the mossad agent and the killings to them is fully justefied as they are killing enemies of israel and terorists, the PLO members that kidnapped and killed 11 israeli athleats, but if we see it from another point of view, the PLO members needed and deserved a fair trail under international law, but in the film that was not suggested or proposed, also not mentioned which would suggest to the audence that thier actions were fully justefied, to understand this more we need to understand encoding and decoding. Encoding and decoding was developed first by the cultural studies scholar stuart hall in 1973 and it provides an approach on how media messages are created and and received and interpreted and it claims that  the audience is presented with the messages for them to decode and digest depends on the individual’s culture and personal experience unlike other theories that strips the power from the audience he claims that audiences can have an interactive role in decoding the message depending on the person and people might interpret a message differently from others and audiences can band together to change a message, decoding is basicly understanding the message that someone already knows.to someone who doesn’t know anything about the history of the conflict or the culture, it would put Palestinians in a bad light, Despite being killers,  the Mossad agents out the Palestinians in Munichare all.  The only personality conflicts that emerge is when one of them begins to question the morality of their revenge killings, and even when such issues arise, the character with moral qualms is quickly killed off. The subsequent message seems to be that questioning the morality of such acts can only end and death.  In addition, the effort to avoid civilian casualties. At one point, one of the Mossad agents declares that ‘it’s strange to think of yourself as an assassin’. No such qualms are mentioned by Palestinian characters in the film, for whom the morals of killing natural and never brought into question.News reports are supposed to tell the truth, but most of the time they have a hidden agenda to either provoke the reader’s emotions towards one side of the debate, the audience might not know that they are being manipulated, the words the writer uses to describe are profoundly important and can swing the reader’s opinion to the left or the right, one of the most controversial subjects that we can see an example of this in articles about immigration, some provoke sympathy for them  others like the Sun newspaper describes them as swarms of insects.The representation of Palestinians in Munich is an example on how stereotypes can affect the way people see a group, Palestinians are mostly represented as religious fundamentalists or rich playboys what this essay is suggesting that generalization of the media robs the culture of what makes it unique.The Israeli?Palestinian conflict has frequently been the focus of Western?produced films, which seek to explain the core of the problem. Claims to a truthful representation of reality have traditionally been linked to a parallel assumption of ethnographic authority over Palestinians who, unlike Israelis, had until recently little access to filmic means of representation. Through a number of films, produced by both Palestinians and non?Palestinians.In the movie, the characters often call the antagonists Arabs even though they are Palestinians and they represent the Palestinian struggle, race is a way of classifying individuals and groups on the basis of physical characteristics, particularly one’s skin color. Ethnicity delineates one’s place of origin, these factors can mark you belonging to a group or a culture, it can also exclude you from a group or culture. Race and ethnicity can determine special privileges for you if you are the ‘right race or ethnicity for something’.Despite its show the human suffering terrorism and the vengeance it can elicit, MunichOthersPalestinians to the extent that any productive message is lost in the Orientalist representations it contains.  the words ‘Palestine’or ‘Palestinians’are uttered by any of the main characters in the film. Prior to this mention, Palestinians are referred to as ‘Arabs’, ‘fedayyin’, ‘Arab terrorists’, and ‘people like these’.  the existence of Palestinians appears minutes into the film,  when  Golda  Meier, the members of Black  September,  describes Palestinians as follows: ‘The people, they want to destroy us…Forget peace for now…We have laws, we represent civilization…I don’t know where these they come from’.  The viewer of Munich the context to understand the Palestinian cause, the motivations of  Black September for undertaking terrorism, and who Palestinians actually are. Instead, we are presented with a stark dichotomy in traditional Orientalist texts, that is, evil and,  in Meier’s words, ‘ unrecognizable’, whereas Israel represents Western civilization and values.the senselessness of their violent actions, wife at home.  Here, the Mossad agent is presented as a sexual being, a lover with much to lose in the form of his wife and unborn child.  Avner’s similarly loving,  affectionate, of her husband.  Meanwhile, the only representations of finding in Munich are hysterical women weeping that the ‘Arab terrorists’of Black September are dead. Thus, the Mossad agent as a lover and family man is set against nameless, faceless terrorists whose families only appear in a very limited sequence in the film.  When  Palestinian  families  are  shown,  they  speak  Arabic,  yet  subtitles  are  often not  provided,  Othering  the  Arab  characters  and  rendering  them  even  more ‘unrecognizable’and unconnected to the viewerThis movie is inspired by real events and the operation was an Israeli mission, the movie was made from the Israelis point of view so its bis to show how the Israelis responded and their judgment, the Palestinians were treated as the antagonists in this movie first when they were shown celebrating when they heard about the massacre in the news, which on it’s oun , and to someone who dosent know about the history of the conflict, can seem as if the palastinians are celebrating murder and when Avner has a heartfelt conversation with PLO member Ali over their homeland and who deserves to rule over the lands, Ali was justifying the acts the Palestinians commit and the main character’s response shows the audience both sides of the coin but still represents Palestinians in a bad light because that isn’t every Palestinians point of view, as they think they are freedome fighters but the film shows them more as militant fundementalists it paints all of  Palestinians in the same brush. a culture might have different groups of  Arabs” is a cultural and linguistic term. It refers to those who speak Arabic as their first language. Arabs are not a race Most Arabs are Muslims but there are also millions of Christian Arabs and thousands of Jewish Arabs. there are 22 countries you can’t paint all of these people with one brush. when Avner truly questions commits for Mossad, he is consistently reassured by other characters as to the righteousness of his actions. Among other justifications, Avner is explicitly told that ‘if these guys live, Israelis die…You know this is true’, and ‘you killed for the future, for peace’. When Avner again confronts his Mossad supervisor in the closing scene of the movie and communicates his misgivings, he is left standing alone, set against the skyline of  New  York City. As the actions killings of the Israeli athletes, is left to sympathize with the burden Avner bears as a revenge killer, who walks away and out of the frame. As the scene fades out, we see the Twin Towers in the background(which would be destroyed decades later in the 9/11 attacks)