Bullying people, a bully and a victim. Bullying

Bullying

Bullying
is a misuse of power through verbal, physical and social behavior that causes
physical and psychological harm. Bullying can happen in person or online. Bullying
involves two people, a bully and a victim. Bullying is a form of aggressive
behavior using power to affect others. Bullying is a pattern of humiliating
others. Bullying
is based on imbalance of power.

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“Any
form of aggressive behavior that is repeated, intended to cause harm and characterized
by an imbalance of power, and is ‘hidden’, out of sight of, or unacknowledged
by, adults. Covert bullying includes behaviors linked to social aggression,
relational aggression and indirect aggression, including bullying by means of
technology where the bullying behavior is either unwitnessed, or not addressed,
by an adult” (Cross et al., 2009, p. 22).

Verbal
bullying which includes name calling or insulting someone about physical
characteristics such as their weight or height, or other attributes including
race, sexuality, culture, or religion. Physical bullying which includes hitting
or hurting someone, or damaging or stealing their belongings. Social bullying
which includes consistently excluding another person or sharing information or
images that will have a harmful effect on the other person

Cyber bullying

Cyber
is related to the culture of computers, information technology, and virtual
reality. Bullying can happen in online settings.  In recent years a new form of bullying has
emerged, labeled “cyber bullying”, in which the aggression occurs through
modern technological devices, and speci?cally mobile phones or the internet.
Research on this topic is still at an early stage of investigation. This
phenomenon only appeared a few years ago. The use of electronic devices such as
computers and mobile phones by young people has increased.

Cyber
bullying is the technological extension of bullying. Cyber bullying is any
bullying done using technology. Cyber bullies harass their victims repeatedly. It
can be posting rumors about a friend or classmate online to publishing texts,
photos, or threats on social network. This form of bullying can undetected
because of lack of supervision. Cyber bullying includes abuse using email, text
messaging, social networking sites, etc. With the creation of social networks
like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter, cyber bullying has increased. Cyber bullying
is facilitated with the use electronic communication. Victims of cyber bullying
can suffer from different issues, including lowered self-esteem, depression, anger
and fear.

Cyber
bullying Includes:

·        
Posting statements online that are unkind
or not true

·        
Sending or posting pictures that are not
yours to share

·        
Making negative comments online about
someone

Cyber
bullying can be defined as “the use of modern communication technologies (cell
phones, computers, chat rooms, e-mails, and messages) to embarrass, humiliate,
threaten, or intimidate an individual in the attempt to gain power and control
over them” (Stutzky, Glenn M.S.W)

“Cyber
bullying is any cyber-communication or publication posted or sent by a minor
online, by instant messenger, e-mail, website, diary site, online profile,
interactive game, handheld device, cell phone or other interactive device that
is intended to frighten, embarrass, harass or otherwise target another minor.”
(Aftab
& Parry, 2006)

Cyber
bullying, cyber harassment, and cyber stalking are new behaviors that are
categorized under “bullying,” and they are quickly spreading throughout the
World. Cyber bullying can be defined as “the use of modern communication
technologies (cell phones, computers, chat rooms, e-mails, and messages) to
embarrass, humiliate, threaten, or intimidate an individual in the attempt to
gain power and control over them”. Cyber harassment is Defined as “threatening
or harassing email messages, instant messages, or to blog entries or websites
dedicated solely to tormenting an individual.” Cyber stalking is defined as
“the use of the Internet, email or other electronic communications to stalk,
and generally refers to a pattern of threatening or malicious behaviors.” All
three behaviors will be categorized under the title of “cyber bullying.”

Statement of Problem

The
statement of the problem is what a massive impact that cyber bullying has in
the life of youth and that we need to stop it in our society. Many people don’t
know how to face it. The trauma of social networking sites and messaging apps
is that anything posted about you can be seen by lots of people and these posts
can go viral very fast and shared by so many people within minutes in some
cases. Victims often have difficulty concentrating on their school work and may
experience a decline in academic performance. They have trouble making social
and emotional adjustments, difficulty making friends, and poor relationships
with classmates. As technology advances, and social interaction becomes
increasingly with cyberspace, cyber bullying will continue to be a critical
issue for youth. Those who faces bullying are more likely to face increased
depression, anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, alcohol use, and low grades.
Cyber bullying damages confidence and self-esteem. Cyber bullying does not
just happen on a screen. It can reach out and spread into the non-virtual
world. Not only does cyberbullying cause psychological damage to the victim,
but it can cause physical damage as well.

Significance

Present study will helpful for the government of
Pakistan to amend the existed policies according to the new phenomena. It will
reduce the fear in the victims of cyberbullying. This study will also guide and
prevent the youth from further victimization and will aware about the harm of
cyberbullying. As technology advances, social interaction becomes increasingly intertwined
with cyberspace, cyberbullying will continue to be a critical issue for Youth.

Objectives

o  
To educate youth about the dangers of
cyber bullying

o  
To discuss the different methods of cyber
bullying

o  
To raise awareness about this issue that
affects people of all races, ethnicities, religions, and gender

o  
To discuss the importance of appropriate
communication and how to save yourself from becoming a perpetrator of or victim
of cyberbullying

o  
To find out the specific behaviors that
might constitute cyberbullying

o  
To find out the health effects of cyberbullying
in youth

o  
To Reduce the number of incidents and
impact of violence against youth