Video games in their
60-year history have changed a lot. The first gaming machine was created in
1940, but the development of video games began in the early seventies with the
first home console Odyssey and video game Pong in 1972, which has become one of
the famous, first truly successful commercial game of today. Since then
computers have become so common that anyone could create their own game. The
current video game market has a lot to offer due to the fast-growing
Terms of Reference
STEPHEN COLBERT (Lecturer)
has requested PIOTR GRZEBIELSKI to write a report to examine: Video Game
Development. It is a requirement of Communication, Level 6 unit, F3GB 12, and
is due to be submitted on 27 October 2017.
Research for this report
was conducted primarily via internet, by visiting reputable websites of
journals, newspapers, and official reports.
Nowadays, creating AAA
games (highest development budgets and levels of promotion) requires large
financial resources and is associated with a high risk of failure. To reduce
the risk of low sales of the game, large companies must carefully plan
production processes before starting the game development process.
The process of creating
games starts with the simple concept or idea. Usually this is an original
concept created inside the company, but it happens that the idea is taken from
outside. Often it is a continuation of the existing title, or the plot of the
game is based on movies, comics, folklore or history. The team must consider
the platform on which the game will operate, its technical capabilities and
After developing the
storyline, the company needs to do a storyboard, which is a visual
representation of the plot, including sketches, concepts, and text to explain
what is going on in every section or scene of the game. At the same stage, it
analyzes how the game will play, what is the game’s purpose and rules, and maps
of different worlds or levels in the game. Software engineers decide what
exactly happens on the screen when a specific button is pressed, which may and
may not be the interaction that script events occur, and how the non-controlled
characters react to what the player is doing.
The next step is
pre-production. After defining a simple concept and choosing a platform,
producers, designers, programmers and artists will work on issues such as
storytelling, scripting and creating complete design documents detailing game
objectives, design levels, game mechanics. When the game is created on the
original concept, the authors of the scripts, artists and designers have the
freedom to create. In cases where game development is based on a license or
simulation of a real event, creative freedom is often limited to acceptable within
the realm or real world.
In production, producers
will collaborate with teams of designers, artists and programmers to make sure
everyone is working together and are at the same stage. Schedules are respected
to ensure that the goals of the project are adhered to throughout the
development of the game.
When the game is
theoretically starting to look like a designer’s vision, testing begins. By
performing focus tests, developers see what is difficult for the players, and
then improve or fix them. During this production phase, the original vision is
likely to change in small ways to correct errors in the design. Continuing to
focus on testing and improving the gameplay, the game is polished.
games are developing at a rapid speed, therefore developers who want to become
important competitors, must analyze the future of the gaming market. They
should be open to new distributions for their games.
Creating video games is a
complex process but giving developers great satisfaction and chances for
personal development and significant financial gains. Covers so many areas,
through creating a scenario, music, graphics, drawing and managing, that almost
everyone who want to create games finds something for themselves and can be a
co-creator of virtual entertainment history.
Creating a video game is
an extremely complex and difficult to manage process that can last for several
years. It’s an incredibly bustling market, one that frequently brings in more
than movies, but with a bad managing it can last for many years, absorb a lot
of financial resources and end up failing. Therefore, besides it’s a good idea
on the game and willingness it is important to choose the necessary number of
people, designate and calculate the so-called milestones. Developers also need
to determine on what platform the game will be displayed and what technologies
may appear in the near future to move the title to the newly created devices.