A stye is the most common eyelid disorder, clinically referred to
as a hordeolum. Styes can be on the internal or external eyelid. It is usually
caused by an infected gland and pus that forms within the lumen. Most
styes are self-treated and easily cured (Olson, 1991). The ophthalmic branch of
the trigeminal nerve supplies most of the sensation around the eye. Styes are
one of the most common disease of the eye. They occur in younger people but are
not commonly associated with any specific age, gender, race or ethnicity
(Lindsley et. al, 2010). Rosacea and blepharitis are two conditions that will
increase the risk of developing a stye.
Some of the symptoms of an external eyelid stye include a gritty
feeling in the eye, eye pain and tenderness, eye tearing or leakage, swollen
eyelid, light sensitivity, and redness and soreness at the edge of the eyelid
(Mayo Clinic Staff, 2015). Styes are diagnosed by examining the eyelid
and asking for symptoms the patient has been experiencing. There is no other
testing that is needed to diagnose a stye. Styes can occur in eyelash
follicles, sebaceous glands, and apocrine glands (Healthline, 2017).
Styes typically go away on their own, with a lot of treatments
just helping with the pain. Some of these treatments include warm compresses,
steroid shots, and to avoid squeezing or popping the stye. If the stye does not
go away on its own, it is probably infected, and a doctor can drain the area,
give the individual steroid shots, or prescribe oral antibiotics (American
Academy of Ophthalmology, 2017). If the infection from the stye moves to the
eyeball itself it can cause pink eye, which will be treated with a topical
There are multiple ways to prevent styes. This includes washing
hands, cleaning contact lenses regularly, and applying warm compresses to keep
previous styes from recurring. Some other prevention methods are being careful
with cosmetics such as not using old cosmetics, not sharing cosmetics with
other people, and not wearing cosmetics overnight. If someone has blepharitis
it is important to properly manage it because it can lead to more styes.
Recurring styes can benefit from cleaning extra oils from around the eyes (Mayo
Clinic Staff, 2015).
A stye is caused by an infection in the oil glands in the eyelid.
The bacteria responsible for most infections is Staphylococcus auerus. Internal styes are due to the infection of
the Meibomian gland while external styes are due to infection in the gland of
Zeis. The stye is found superficial to the tarsal plate (Root, 2016).
Styes are very common eyelid disorders caused by an infection of
an oil gland in the eyelid. Everyone has the same likelihood of getting one and
younger people are even more at risk. They are diagnosed by a doctor looking at
the eyelid and asking about symptoms. Treatments usually focus on alleviating
the pain caused by the stye because the stye itself will go away on its own.
Styes can be prevented by keeping hands and contact lenses clean along with
being cautious with cosmetics.
American Academy of Ophthalmology.
2017. Chalazia and Stye Treatment. Retrieved from:
Lindsley, K., Nichols,
J., Kickersin, K. 2010. Interventions for acute internal hordeolum. Conchrane
Database Syst Rev. 4: CD007742.
Mayo Clinic Staff. 2015.
Sty Symptoms. Mayo Clinic.
Olson, M. 1997. The
common stye. Journal of School Health. 61(2):95-96.
Root, T. 2016. Chapter
2: Anatomy of the Eye. Tim Root Virtual Eye Professor.