A job than riveting. The last woman interviewed,

A
handful of women that began working during World War II to help the war effort
were interviewed in Rosie the Riveter Remembers. The first woman interviewed
was Inez Sauer, a chief clerk in a toolroom. She explained that when the war
started she was thirty-one years old, and she had never worked a day in her
life. She was the mother of two young boys, aged twelve and thirteen, and a six
year old daughter. When the war began her husbands rubber-matting store went
out of business due to the war restrictions on rubber. She saw an ad in a
Seattle newspaper that companies needed women workers to help the war effort,
and the newspaper stated, ‘Do your part, free a man for service’. Again,
another reassurance that newspapers and magazines were drawing women into the
workforce to help with the war. Sybil Lewis was a black arc welder during World
War II, and she also decided to take the job when she saw a newspaper
advertisement to train women for defense work. She explained that she riveted
small airplane parts, and worked in a pair. It was her, the riveter, who shot
rivets with a gun through metal and fastened it together, and the bucker, who
used a bucking bar on the metal to smooth out the rivets that she had shot in;
she admitted that bucking was a harder job than riveting. The last woman
interviewed, Frankie Cooper was a crane operator, and she stressed the idea
that women joined the war movement to help the men fighting overseas. She
explained that during the war, inside the plant everyone pushed and gave
everything they had, because they wanted to. They all pushed through and went
to work even if they did not feel well, because they were thinking of the men
overseas and how hard they were working for their country.

In
the scholarly article American Women in a World at War, the authors read 30
thousand letters written by over 1500 women during World War II. Many of the
letters were women writing to their husbands or sweethearts overseas. They
wrote to them about such topics as the stress of both raising children and
working a war job, or how scared they were to lose their loved one to battle.
The article explained that due to the over 16 million men serving overseas, the
need for women to work was in high demand, and the women entering the warfare
increased significantly. Inside of the letters women told their loved ones just
how proud they were to work for the war effort, and were often excited about
the independence and responsibilities that came with their job.

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Magazines
throughout 1943 depicted scenes of women hard at work, hoping to draw in new
women workers. In the September 1943 issue of Good Housekeeping, there was an
article titled “I Looked Into my Brother’s Face”. This article featured a
painting of a beautiful woman wearing a green uniform, and holding a combat
helmet. Behind her was an army plane, and an army ambulance. The article was
written from the woman’s point of view, and she explained how she was a war
nurse, and her brother came into her hospital wounded, and suddenly she began
to think back to their childhood. She said she had seen her share of war,
wounded soldiers, and bombings because that was her job as a war nurse.
However, when someone you love gets hurt the war would hit home, and you would
begin to realize why you were working for the war effort. She was working to
make sure that Americans got to live and grow up the same way her and her
brother got to, to make sure that they would come home to the same America they
had always known and lived in, where everyone could live their lives with
kindness, security, and peace. The article ended with the woman saying that is
why her and her brother were fighting, and that everyone reading should keep it
America the way they left it until they arrived back home. This article may
have encouraged many women to join the war effort back home. After reading
this, women may have felt the need to help keep America the way it always was,
like the nurse was asking. Or, perhaps, they felt guilty sitting at home not
doing much towards the war effort, while women like this nurse were hard at
work overseas dealing with bombings and death day after day.

Besides
nurses, other women’s jobs that were shown in magazines in 1943 included
riveters, and agricultural workers. The Life Magazine issue published March
15,1943 included an article titled From Alice… to Eddie… to Adolf!. Inside this
article was a painting of a pretty, young woman drilling into steel. The
article began explaining that Alice was hard at work drilling into a new
plane,for her boyfriend Eddie to fly. She remembered the house Eddie promised
her they would someday have before he left for the war; they could have that
home now if it was not for Adolf she thought. The article explained that these
types of stories are the ones that drive women to help produce planes, tanks,
guns, and ships that America was then pouring forth. During the war millions of
Americans turned their skills into wartime production. On top of this, to help
win everyone would willingly drive slower in order to save tires and gas, and
buy stamps, and war bonds as well as conserve metal, clothing, and food. It
ended with “For this is every American’s war… Alice’s, Eddie’s, yours, ours. On
one point we are all resolved: it won’t be Adolf’s” This article is encouraging
women to take war jobs to help beat Adolf. If they are unable to take a war
job, then the article suggests they drive less, buy war bonds, or conserve
household items to help end the war sooner.

The
July 19,1943 Life magazine featured a woman Air Force Pilot on the cover. An
article inside was titled, Girl Pilots, and touched base on women pilots in the
Air Force. It began by explaining that the old belief that army flying was only
for men was long gone. Every month it explained, many women finished their
training in Texas, and went to relieve fighting men for combat duty. The
article included many photographs of women studying, working hard, and dressed
up and ready to fly. This article probably encouraged many young women to up
and move to try to join the Air Force, and help with the war effort. It was a
big deal to see women relieving men for combat duty.

Another
issue of Life magazine published on August 9, 1943 included a photo of a woman
in overalls hard at work, drilling into an airplane part. The article published
inside, Women in Steel are Handling Tough Jobs in Heavy Industry, was about
just that, hard working Rosies in the Steel industry. It began by explaining
that since the start of the war, many American women had begun to acquire jobs
that were traditionally held by men. It stated, “In 1941 only 1% of aviation
employes were women, while this year they will comprise an estimated 65% of the
total”. Included were numerous amounts of photographs of women dangerously
working hard at their factory jobs. The article explained that in the Gary
steel mill, women were working as packers and shippers, welders, crane
operators, billet operation helpers, furnace operators, tool machinists,
laborers, engine operators, draw-bench operators, electrical helpers, grinders,
oilers, coil tapers, foundry helpers, checkers, loaders, metallurgical helpers,
painters, cleaning and maintenance workers, and the list went on and on. Many
women reading this magazine were most likely influenced by this article, and
stepped up and took a war job to help with the wartime effort.

In
the September 27, 1943 Life magazine issue, there was an interesting article
titled Life Visits the Harvesters of America. This article discussed both men
and women who were working hard for their country in the agricultural sector.
The article explained that novice women workers helped to save the crops. It explained
that the US Crop Corps came together to help fill in the holes that were
missing when 3,000,000 farm workers left for war. One branch of the
organization, called the Women’s Land Army had over 50,000 members. This
article showed that women were willing to working in all sectors to help with
the war effort.

In
hopes to encourage women to step up and fill the shoes of the men of America
that left for duty, newspapers and magazines included articles and
advertisements of women hard at work in all sectors. From nurses on the home
front, to riveters working in factories, women came together and worked hard in
hopes of beating Adolf, and having their men arrive home safely. The two
scholarly articles discussed provided women’s words on the wartime effort. The
first article, Rosie the Riveter Remembers, interviewed women that worked for
the war effort, and most found their jobs in newspaper advertisements asking
women to take a job, and help with the war effort. The second article, American
Women in a World at War, looked at and discussed letters written by women
during the Second World War. This article made it clear that women told their
loved ones just how proud they were to hold a job of their own, and help the
men overseas work toward winning the war. As for the five articles discussed
from magazines, the first article was from a war nurse’s prospective, and she
finally understood that she was working for American’s to keep their way of
life. The second article was a young woman building a plane for her boyfriend
in the Army to fly, to help beat Adolf, and have him arrive home safely. The
third article discussed women in the Air Force taking over jobs of men, and
helping the country significantly. The fourth article touched upon women
working in factories in bad conditions, and unsafe working conditions to help
create airplanes, cars, and other objects needed for the men overseas. The
fifth and final article discussed, spoke about women taking jobs as harvesters
for all the farmers that left to join the war, even though they had never had
any experience in farming. All of these women took a stand, and chose to join a
war job in hopes to help their country win the World War. On top of this, these
articles also inspired other women to do the same. Thanks to magazines and
newspapers of the time encouraging women to work, over 6 million women joined
the workforce and helped to bring our countries men home safely.