Galileo’s approach is based on repeated experimental observations, interpretation of the laws of nature, and rigorous formulation in mathematical geometry. Whereas, according to Bellarmine, by proposing the Copernican model of the universe, which the sun is the centre of the universe, and the Earth has an action every year, Bellarmine thought that this is philosophical absurdity, at least in theology is wrong.

Therefore, the main issues on the debate on the Copernicans from Bellarmine and Galileo are the basis of natural science and the historical nature of the Bible text. Both issues are lacking in the respects of the historical awareness of the interpretation and the reflection of the boundaries and cognitive abilities of the sacred texts.

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